Background: 

More than 40 endemic species of plant-eating flies were recorded in West Africa, among whom 3 containing bactrocera invadens identified in 2005 from East Africa, are responsible for destructions even up to 100 % of orchards in certain zones. The impact of these pests on  mango industry is without doubt the most visible given their economic weight (sectors export), other high value-added horticultural products that have a major role in terms of food safety of the households are also affected.

All orchards in West Africa constitutes different species of flies a homogeneous ecosystem. The efficiency of a national fight can be reduced to nothing by the inaction of a neighbouring country. The fight against the proliferation of the harmful and the limitation of the damages which they cause can be obtained only by a program coordinated at a regional level and adapted to  the 4 major identified ecological zones. A regional and concerted coordination will result in valuable impact of  national actions.

The  5-year project is also to improve the revenue of fruit and vegetable producers; especially the small scale producers, contributing to regional food security and reducing poverty levels. The project supports the regional plan for the fight against and control of fruit flies in  West Africa.

The project is made up of 5 components:

Monitoring

To organize  the national and regional levels of monitoring the rate of infestation of fruit flies of fruits and release, when required alerts and fast reactions.

Eradication

Aims at coordinating the regional plan and supporting the actions of the national fight against fruit flies according to three landings:

preventive: by  raising awareness of best practices on the whole sub-region

more intensive fight in zones with strong infestation indicated by alerts

complete  eradication in more restricted zones, at a high economic risk

Capacity Building

National bodies: public and private who intervene or will intervene in monitoring and eradication

Applied Research

Complementary funding of existing research-development programs for operationalizing some improved monitoring and eradication Techniques to facilitate their transfer and their adoption by different groups of actors.

Coordination

The implementation of the entire project, the actions such as programmes, information, training, evaluation are under this component.

The project coordinator will be selected from the coordination unit. Supporting partners include: 

  • Member States of ECOWAS

  • European Union

  • AFD

  • CORAF

Objectives: 

Le projet poursuit quatre(4) résultats clés:

  1. Le volume disponible de fruits commercialisés sur les marches locaux exempts d'infestations augmente et contribue à la sécurité alimentaire des populations.

  2. Les pertes sur les fruits et légumes dues à l'infestation par les mouches des fruits sont maitrisées et ne constituent plus une contrainte pour les exportations.

  3. Les dispositifs et organisations mis en place pour les besoins de la lutte contre les mouches sont transposables dans d’autres filières voire d’autres régions soumises aux risques phytosanitaires.

  4. Dans l’espace ouest africain, la CEDEAO est renforcée sur ses fonctions de pilotage de sa politique sectorielle.

Other Relevant Information: 

Une Cellule de Coordination du Projet, dépendante de l’ARAA sera constituée, et basée  à Bamako au Mali, au cœur de la principale zone de vergers de la région. La Cellule de Coordination sera chargée de l’exécution des volets régionaux et supervisera l’exécution des volets nationaux. Le projet démarrera en 2015.

Financial Partners: 
European Union
Technical Partners: 
Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID)Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations European Union